The information in this article applies to:
I need to create a cross section detail in Home Designer Pro. How do I do this?
Using the CAD, Text, and Dimension tools, you can create a cross-section detail of your structure.
In this example, a foundation detail will be created.
To create a cross section view
- Select 3D> Create Orthographic View> Backclipped Cross Section , then click and drag a camera arrow in the direction that you want the view to show.
- The camera arrow, or Line of Sight, should be perpendicular to the desired cross section plane.
Note: The Backclipped Cross Section tool includes only the objects between the starting point and stopping point of the cross section line.
- Select Tools> Display Options from the menu. In the Layer Display Options dialog, turn on or off any layers, as needed.
- In prior versions choose Tools> Display Settings> Display Options
- If you wish to display framing in your cross section detail, remember that you must first build the framing.
- Select View> Color . from the menu to toggle colors off.
In prior versions this setting was found by selecting Tools> Display Settings> Color Off
Zoom in on the area that you wish to detail.
- Select 3D> Save Active Camera from the menu.
- Now we are ready to add CAD items, labels, and dimensions.
To add fill styles
- Select CAD> Boxes> Insulation , then click and drag to draw a rectangular shape with an insulation fill.
- If you have Object Snaps enabled, Insulation Boxes will snap to the edges of floor framing and wall framing.
- Insulation Boxes can also be resized using their edit handles and dimensions.
- If you have trouble getting the correct size, hold down the Ctrl key to allow for free movement.
If you are working on a Mac computer used the Command key.
- Note that Boxes, Cross Boxes, and Insulation must always be rectangular in shape.
- Select CAD> Boxes> Rectangular Polyline from the menu, then click and drag to draw a closed rectangular shape.
- Like Insulation Boxes, Rectangular Polylines will snap to objects and surfaces in the view.
- In this example, a Rectangular Polyline is drawn over the stem wall footing.
- Click on the polyline to select it, then click the Open Object edit button. On the Fill Style panel of the Polyline Specification dialog:
- Select "Concrete" from the Fill Pattern drop-down list.
- Adjust the Size, Angle, and Line Weight, if desired.
- Then, click OK.
- Add a second polyline, as described above, for the stem wall.
- Draw another rectangular polyline outside of the stem wall. Using the steps described in 4, above, assign this polyline an "Earth" fill.
- Click on the polyline to select it
- Click the Break Line edit button.
- Click along one of the polyline's edges.
- A new corner edit handle is created at that location.
- Click and drag that new corner handle to reshape the polyline.
- Polyline edges can also be curved. Click on one of the polyline's edges to select it.
- When an edge is selected, the square edit handle located along its length will be larger than the square handle on the other edges.
- With an edge selected, click the Change Line/Arc edit button.
- The selected edge is converted from a straight line into an arc.
- Click and drag the small triangular Reshape edit handle to change the arc's length, or click the small circular Resize handle to change its radius.
- Click the Change Line/Arc button once more to convert it from an arc into a straight line.
- Adjust the polyline as needed to created the desired shape.
Detail drawings rarely show the entire structure. Instead, lengthy components like walls and floor platforms are truncated using a break line. If you were to draw your cross section detail by hand using the CAD tools alone, you could create a break line using a simple open polyline. Because details in Home Designer Pro can be added to a cross section of the entire structure, though, it will be helpful to also create a closed polyline with a solid white fill.
To add break lines
- Select CAD> Boxes> Rectangular Polyline from the menu, then click and drag to draw a rectangle.
- This polyline will be turned into a break line for the floor platform.
- Click on the rectangle to select its top or bottom edge, then click on the temporary dimension that displays its height.
- In the inline text field, type the desired height of the polyline.
Note: If you do not see Temporary Dimensions select View> Temporary Dimensions or if you have an older version select CAD> Dimensions> Display Temporary Dimensions.
- In this example, the height is specified as 18".
- With the polyline still selected, use the Break Line edit tool to add four new corner edit handles to one of its vertical edges.
To space the breaks evenly, draw CAD lines through the polyline and position them at regular intervals using dimension lines. Then, use Object Snaps to add corner edit handles at the points where the lines intersect the polyline.
- Click and drag the two corner handles closest to the polyline edge's center point to produce a zig-zag shape.
- With the polyline selected, click the Open Object edit button. In the Polyline Specification dialog:
- On the Line Style panel, specify a light grey line color.
- On the Fill Style panel, specify a "Solid" fill pattern that is white in color.
- Click OK to close the dialog and apply your changes.
- With the polyline still selected, click the Copy and Paste in Place edit button.
- This will create an exact copy of the break line polyline located directly on top of the original.
- As soon as it is created, this newly created copy will be selected.
- With the newly copied polyline selected, click the Open Object edit button, and on the Line Style panel of the Polyline Specification dialog, specify the default black line color.
- Click the Select Objects button, then select Edit> Edit Behaviors> Edit Object Parts from the menu.
Edit Polyline Parts allows you to select the lines and arcs that form a polyline and edit them individually.
- Click on one of the non-broken edges of the copied polyline that you just created to select it.
- Click the Delete edit tool or press the Delete key on your keyboard.
- You should see the light grey polyline where the edge has been deleted.
- Repeat this step to delete all three straight edges, leaving only the break line edge displaying in front of the closed polyline with the white line color and fill.
- When you are finished, remember to turn Edit Polyline Parts back off.
- Select the closed polyline with the light grey line color and change its line color to white.
- Click the Select Objects button, then click and drag a rectangular selection marquee around the two polylines.
- Use the Move edit handle to position the break line polylines as needed in the drawing.
- Use the Copy/Paste edit tool to make copies of the two polylines if your detail drawing requires more than one break line.
To add text
- Select Edit> Default Settings from the menu, and in the Default Settings dialog:
- Expand the list for Text, Callouts and Markers
- Click on Rich Text and then click the Edit button.
- On the Rich Text panel of the Rich Text Defaults dialog, specify the desired font, size and style of the text you want to use for your cross section detail.
- In this example, a font size of 2" is specified.
- Make sure that Align Left is selected.
- On the Options panel, check the box beside CAD Stops Move and then click OK to return to the Default Settings dialog.
- Click on Arrow and click the Edit button to open the Arrow Defaults dialog. Specify the desired arrow style and size, and then click OK.
- In this example an arrow Size of 3" is used.
- Click OK to close the Arrow Defaults and then click Done to close the Default Settings dialog, as well.
- Select CAD> Text> Text With Arrow from the menu, then click once in the drawing area to the left of the cross section detail to open the Rich Text Specification dialog.
- Type the desired information in the Text field and click OK.
- A text object with a line with arrow attached is created at the location where you clicked.
- Click on the line with arrow to select it, then use its edit handles to point it at the object its text describes in the cross section detail.
- Repeat these steps to create additional text objects, as needed.
To align text objects
- Select CAD> Lines> Draw Line from the menu, then click and drag to draw a vertical line through the entire height of the area where you have added fill and other details.
- Click on the line to select it, then move it away from your detail the distance that you would like your text to be from it.
- This line will serve as a temporary ledger to align your text to.
- Click the Select Objects button, then click on a Rich Text object to select it. Using its Move edit handle, drag it towards the CAD line you just drew until it bumps into it.
- Repeat this process to bump all of your Rich Text objects into the CAD line.
- Notice that the line with arrow attached to the text adjusts its length to meet the CAD line, as well.
- To add corners to the lines with arrows that are aligned with one another, draw a second line where you would like the breaks.
- Select a line with arrow and click the Break Line edit button.
- Click on the line with arrow where it crosses the CAD ledger line you just drew.
- When Object Snaps are enabled, a red snap indicator will display when your pointer is over the intersection.
- Click once to create a new corner at that location.
- With the line with arrow still selected, edit its shape as needed.
- Repeat this process to edit all lines with arrows that intersect your ledger line.
- When you are finished, you can select the CAD line and click the Delete edit button or press the Delete key on your keyboard.
Cross section details often have text on both the left and right sides of the detail. You can repeat the steps above to create text on the right side, as well. To make a Rich Text object right-justified, select it and click the Align Right edit button.
To send the detail to layout
- When your cross section detail is complete, select File> Save to save your work.
- If you have not done so already, be sure to select 3D> Save Active Camera .
- Select File> New Layout from the menu to open a new layout page.
- Select Window> Select Previous Tab from the menu to return to your cross section view.
In prior versions select Window> Previous View
- Select File> Send to Layout, and in the Send to Layout dialog:
- Specify the desired Scaling of the view.
- Make sure Current Screen is selected.
- Click OK.
- Depending on the selected scale, a message may warn you that the view is too large to fit on the layout sheet. Click OK - this may be alright, because in a moment the view box will be resized smaller to show only the detail that you created.
To crop the view on the layout page
When you click OK to send the view to layout, it will show the entire cross section view - not just your detail. You can easily remedy this.
- If the layout page is not currently active, select Window> Show Layout from the menu.
- If you cannot see the entire cross section view in layout, select Window> Fill Window from the menu, or press the F6 key on your keyboard.
- Click the Select Objects button, then click on the cross section view to select it.
- Using its edit handles, reduce the size of the layout view box until it only shows the detail area.
- A layout view box can be edited similar to a CAD Box, Cross Box, or Insulation box - it can be resized and reshaped, but must always have four 90° corners.