Creating a Dutch Hip Roof


Reference Number: KB-00749
Last Modified: March 24, 2022

The information in this article applies to:

Chief Architect Premier or Chief Architect InteriorsHome Designer Professional or Home Designer Architectural or Home Designer Suite



QUESTION

How do I create a Dutch hip or Dutch gable roof?

Dutch hip roof on a structure with a shed dormer


ANSWER

A Dutch hip roof, sometimes called a Dutch gable roof, is a combination of hip and gable roof styles in which a gable is located at the end of the ridge, and at the top of a hip roof plane. Creating a Dutch hip roof is easy to do by following the steps below.  


To create a Dutch hip roof automatically

  1. Open  a plan in which you would like to create a Dutch hip roof on.

    In this example, a simple 20' x 30' building with 109 1/8" ceiling height is used.


  2. Select the wall you would like to build a Dutch hip over and click on the Open Object edit button.


  3. In the Wall Specification dialog that opens, click on the Roof panel, select the Dutch Gable Wall option, set the Pitch, the Starts at Height or In from Baseline value, then click OK to confirm the changes.

    Roof panel of the wall specification dialog


  4. If Auto Rebuild Roofs is not enabled, select Build> Roof> Build Roof  from the menu, check the Build Roof Planes box in the dialog that displays, then click OK to automatically generate a roof with a Dutch hip over the wall that was modified. 

    In Home Designer Suite and Home Designer Architectural, open the Build Roof dialog and click OK to build roof planes.

    Roof panel of the Build Roof dialog.

    You can also check the Auto Rebuild Roofs box if you'd like your roofs to update automatically anytime a change is made to a wall.


  5. Select 3D> Create Perspective View> Perspective Full Overview  to see the results.

    In Home Designer Suite and Home Designer Architectural, navigate to 3D> Create Camera View> Perspective Full Overview  instead.

    Perspective Full Overview of a structure with a dutch hip roof created automatically.


To create a Dutch hip roof manually

Applies to Chief Architect Premier, Chief Architect Interiors, and Home Designer Pro.

  1. Open  a plan in which you would like to create a Dutch hip roof on.

    In this example, a simple 20' x 30' building with 109 1/8" ceiling height is used.   


  2. Navigate to Build> Roof> Build Roof  from the menu.


  3. On the Roof panel of the Build Roof dialog that displays, uncheck Auto Rebuild Roofs, check Build Roof Planes, then click OK to close the dialog and generate a hip roof. 

     Roof planes created for structure

     
  4. Click on one of the side edges of a roof plane in which you would like to build a Dutch hip to select it along that edge.  


  5. Click the Add Break edit button, then click once along the edge that you selected to place a corner handle or 'joint' at that location. Do not worry about exact placement at this time.

    Cursor pointing to a break point placed along a roof plane edge


  6. Click on the edit handle that displays at the peak of the roof plane and drag it down to produce a triangular-shaped opening in the roof. 

    Dragging the roof plane peak edit handle to make the edge paralell with the baseline roof edge

    Note: You may want to click on the new edge to select it, click the Make Parallel edit button, then click on the wall that the roof plane is resting on to ensure the roof plane you just edited is parallel to that wall. 

  7. Select Tools> Floor/Reference Display> Up One Floor  to go up to the Attic level.  


  8. Select Tools> Floor/Reference Display> Reference Display from the menu to display the 1st floor walls and roof planes as red lines.

    If your roof planes do not display as part of the Reference Display, navigate to Tools> Floor/Reference Display> Change Floor Reference . In the Change Floor/Reference dialog that appears, click on Define located next to the Layer Set column. In the Layer Display Options dialog that displays next, place a check in the Disp column next to the "Roof Planes" layer, then click OK. Click OK again to return to the floor plan.

  9. Select Build> Wall> Straight Exterior Wall  from the menu, then click and drag along the edge of the roof plane edge that you created in steps 4-6. This will be the gable wall. 

    Note: You may receive a warning mentioning the placement of objects on the Attic level. Click OK and proceed with creating the wall.  

    • The exterior surface of the wall should be just inside, or above, the top edge of the hip roof.  

    • If it's too low or too high, click on the wall to select it and use the Move  edit handle to move it into the correct location.
       
      Wall placed manually on the attic level

    • Alternatively, you may wish to move the roof plane edge to make room for the gable wall. 


  10. Select Tools> Floor/Reference Display> Down One Floor  to return to Floor 1. Notice the gable wall that was placed in the attic displays a red outline.  

     
  11. Click on one of the roof planes on either side of the Dutch hip to select it, click the Add Break edit button, then click once along that edge to place a break at that location, as in step 5 above.  

    • Click and drag the edit handle at the ridge to create a new edge that is parallel to the gable wall.
       
      Moving a roof edge to be parallel with attic wall

    • Click the Make Parallel  edit button and click on the wall that the Dutch hip is bearing on to make it parallel to that wall.  

    • Adjust the position of the roof edge to create an overhang


  12. Repeat step 10 with the roof plane on the opposite side of the Dutch hip.

    Both roof planes manually modified to overhand the attic wall


  13. Select 3D> Create Perspective View> Perspective Full Overview  to see the results.

    Perspective Full Overview of a manual dutch hip roof.